Odia Language Showcase

Everyone has some things she/he treasures – individuals, groups, societies… So also for the Odia nation. Some such treasures that are held dear to Odisha and Odias are showcased here.

This presentation aims at arousing interest about these treasures and to give a chance to the aroused to have a glimpse at them. More material on these subjects can be found in the book section.


Earliest Odia Writings – Caryagitika, Writings from the middle period – Madala Panji, From the modern period – first drama, novel, short story.

Gitagobinda – The immortal lyrics of Jayadeb with various translations of it – Original Sanskrit verses, Odia lyrics by Dharanidhar, Prose rendering by Nilamani Mishra and English translation by the Odisha State Museum.

Siddhant Darpan – the great work by naked-eye astronomer Samanta Chandrasekhar (Pathani Samanta), original Sanskrit along with its translations into Odia, Hindi, English and analysis/interpretations of his work.

The monumental lexicon of Odia language – Purnachandra Odia Bhasakosha

Siddhant Darpan

Mahamahopaddyaya Chandrasekhar Sinha Samanta (1835-1904), better known as Pathani Samanta to all Odias, was an accomplished naked-eye astronomer. He was one of the few ‘Siddhantic’ astronomers who had worked many centuries later than the recognised Siddhantic period. He lived and carried out his astronomical work at a time when advanced instruments were in use elsewhere. Yet the accuracy of Samanta’s data collected with homemade instruments still amazes those who study his work.

His painstaking observations and interpretations are chronicled in his magnum opus ‘Siddhant Darpan’. Presented here are the digital copies of his original Sanskrit text and Odia, Hindi and English translations along with mathematical interpretations of and discussions on his work.

The table below provides links to open/download these material,

ସିଦ୍ଧାନ୍ତ ଦର୍ପଣ, ମୂଳ ପ୍ରକାଶ, ୧୮୯୯ Download
ସିଦ୍ଧାନ୍ତ ଦର୍ପଣ, ସଂସ୍କୃତ, ସଂ. କାହ୍ନୁଚରଣ ମିଶ୍ର, ୧୯୯୮ Download
ସିଦ୍ଧାନ୍ତ ଦର୍ପଣ, ଓଡ଼ିଆ ଅନୁବାଦ, ବୀର ହନୁମାନ ଶାସ୍ତ୍ରୀ, ୧୯୭୬ Download
ସିଦ୍ଧାନ୍ତ ଦର୍ପଣ, ହିନ୍ଦି ଅନୁବାଦ, ଅରୁଣ କୁମାର ଉପାଧ୍ୟାୟ, ୧୯୯୬ Download
ସିଦ୍ଧାନ୍ତ ଦର୍ପଣ, ଇଂରାଜୀ ଅନୁବାଦ ଓ ଗାଣିତିକ ବ୍ୟାଖ୍ୟା,
ଅରୁଣ କୁମାର ଉପାଧ୍ୟାୟ, ୧୯୯୮
ପଠାଣି ସାମନ୍ତଙ୍କ ଜ୍ୟୋତିର୍ଯନ୍ତ୍ର, ପ୍ରହ୍ଲାଦ ଚନ୍ଦ୍ର ନାୟକ, ୨୦୦୨ / ୨୦୧୩ Open
Pathani Samanta’s Instrument Kits,
Prahallad Chandra Naik, 2008
Samanta Chandrasekhar’s Contributions to Astronomy
(L Satpathy, 2009)
Scientific Contributions of Pathani Samanta
(L satpathy et al, Ed., 2004)